The Australian Shepherd did not originate in Australia despite its name. We believe they developed it in America from dogs brought there by Basque shepherds who emigrated from Australia in the nineteenth century. This breed went by other names such as the Spanish Shepherd, New Mexican Shepherd, and the California Shepherd. These dogs became a regular sight at rodeos and horse shows after World War II. Thanks to their sustainability and intelligence, these dogs earned prevalent admiration. To this day, we still use Aussies as a working ranch and farm dog. They’ve also excelled at competitive dog sports and have even trained as guide dogs, therapy dogs, search and rescue dogs, and drug detection dogs.
The Australian Shepherd is a sturdy, athletic, and medium-sized dog with rectangular proportions and a short stub tail. They have triangular semi-prick ears that fold over at the tips, which produces an attentive and intelligent expression. The medium-length neck is strong; its back is level and firm; its chest is deep and broad, and the legs are straight and durable. However, this breed’s eyes are the most interesting feature, which ranges from blue to amber to hazel to all shades of brown.
Australian Shepherd Breed Facts
Temperament: This breed has the mental drive and physical stamina to work non-stop; however, this energy can be directed in many directions. Aussies are intelligent, trainable, and versatile, which makes them an excellent candidate for dog sports. Because of their strong herding instincts, they can get a little unruly without the right training and guidance. If left to their own devices, we know Aussies to get bored and frustrated, leading to bad habits.
Grooming: A daily brushing using a slicker brush best especially during heavy seasonal shedding during the spring and fall. However, weekly brushing with a pin brush at other times should keep the Aussies coat dirt and tangle free.
Activity level: High. This dog possesses a strong work drive and will require daily extensive exercise and mentally challenging exercises.
Life expectancy: The Australian Shepherd can live anywhere from 12 to 15 years
Coat: Their coats range from short with less undercoat to longer with feathering and dense undercoat.
Size: Males–20-23 inches, 50-65 pounds; Females—18-21 inches, 40-55 pounds
Color: Black, blue merle, red merle, and red, with or without white markings
The Australian Shepherd is a very demanding breed. They’re high-energy, and they need plenty of time and attention. Owners of this breed will have to show the willingness to provide outlets for their companion’s energy, which will get accomplished via regular activities that include jogging, hiking, or organized dog sports. Remember, before purchasing a puppy, potential buyers should inquire about any hereditary diseases that the breeds line may possess.